Pájaro Campana Biological Corridor
UGA Costa Rica campus is located within the Pájaro Campana Biological Corridor (PCBC), which spans from the cloudforests that straddle the continental divide down to the mangrove forests along the shores of the Gulf of Nicoya. The PCBC follows the course of three major watersheds—the Aranjuez, Guacimal and Lagartos Rivers—through approximately 664km2 on the way down the Pacific Slope of the Tilarán Range. The Pájaro Campana Biological Corridor forms part of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, which stretches from southern Mexico through Panama.
Despite its relatively small total area, the region reflects Costa Rica’s astounding biodiversity and is an area of high endemism and speciation, including over 500 species of orchids among over 2,000 identified plant species (Nadkarni and Wheelwright 2000). The region spans 11 of 16 Holdridge Life Zones (Holdridge 1987) and includes six Central American forest types as designated by the World Wildlife Fund. Of the 83 mammal species identified in the PCBC, 12 are listed as endangered. Over half of Costa Rica’s nearly 900 bird species have been identified within the PCBC, including 29 endemic species, with 20 species on the IUCN Red List.
UGA Costa Rica's General Manager, Fabricio Camacho, serves on the Local Advisory Commission for this Corridor, which is recognized by the Costa Rican Government as part of the country's national biological corridor program. Other PCBC Advisory Board members include representatives from the Tropical Science Center, the Costa Rican Conservation Foundation, the Monteverde Institute, the Monteverde Conservation League, the Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE), and the National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC).